Cognitive conditions include any disorder that significantly impairs the cognitive function of an individual. Cognitive conditions may include include dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), multiple sclerosis, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Limitations could include memory loss, decreased organization, decreased concentration, word finding difficulty, or orientation difficulty.
Communication conditions impact an individual's ability to communicate. This may include apraxia or voice disorders. Limitations could include the inability to amplify the volume of speech or being non-verbal.
Dexterity conditions refers to any physical disability that limits the physical function of one or more limbs. These may include quadriplegia, paraplegia, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, arthritis, sciatica, amputations or degenerative disc disease. Limitations affecting mobility could include decreased range of motion in the arms, fingers, wrists, back or neck, and decreased muscle control, spasms, paralysis, tingling or numbness.
Hearing conditions impact the ability to hear, either partially or completely. These may include otosclerosis, tinnitus, and deafness. Limitations can include difficulty in hearing certain volumes, tones or frequencies, ringing in the ears, or the inability to hear anything at all.
Vision conditions impact the ability to see, either partially or completely. These may include glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, retinopathy or total blindness. Limitations could include blurriness, blind spots, floaters, tunnel vision or any other visual disturbances.